Volleyball Techniques
Passing, setting, spiking, and serving


Perhaps the most fun of all the volleyball techniques is spiking.

The volleyball approach and spike is one of the most beautiful athletic movements in all of sports.

It's also a very important skill in volleyball. The better a team is at spiking, the more likely a team will have successful hits that result in winning rallies.

Spiking is a lot of fun. However, of all the volleyball techniques, it's probably the most technical.

In order to be a good hitter, you need to practice and develop a consistent spiking technique.

Volleyball Techniques

The following are tips for learning how to spike...

  • First, recognize whether or not you need to help out with the pass or the set.

  • Next, communicate with and watch your teammates pass. Watch the setter. Try to predict what is going to happen.

  • Line up for your approach.

  • Read the set coming.

  • Start your approach. Use the correct foot steps (left-right-left for right handers)

  • Plant from the appropriate spot to jump.

  • While approaching, bring the arms back then forward and up as you jump. Jump off both feet.

  • Bow and arrow the arms and hands.

  • Have the hitting arm vertical when making contact with the ball.

  • Focus on contacting the ball with the entire hand.

  • Contact the ball with the hand in a claw-like fashion.

  • The ball should have topspin after making contact. If the ball doesn't spin, then you didn't claw.


The setter position is a pretty cool position to play because this player is more involved in the game than any other player on the team.

The setter's job is to run the offense and set the spikers.

The goal is to have the passers pass the ball to the setter, the setter then sets the spiker.

In volleyball, you'll notice each player plays specialized positions.

The setter position is the most important specialized position on the team.

The setters main job is to set the hitters. Therefore, developing setting skills is very important for players playing the setter position.

The following are tips for developing setting skills...

  • Beat the ball to the spot. Anticipation skills and footwork are very important.

  • Be ready to move from the target.

  • Get in position to set.

  • Cock wrists and open the fingers. Hands should be in the shape of the ball.

  • When setting the ball, extend the elbows, hands finishing high. Focus on finishing with hands still in the shape of the ball (don't use the wrists to fling fingers out).


Passing is a very important skill in volleyball because without a pass, a team can't run an offense.

A passers main job is to communicate with teammates and get the ball to the setter.

The ball needs to be passed in such a way that makes it easy for the setter to set the ball.

The better the pass, the better the set. The better the set, the easier it is for an attacker to spike the ball.

The better the spike, the more likely the team will win the rally and score the point.

Just like other basic skills in volleyball, it's important to learn proper volleyball techniques for passing.

The following are tips for learning how to pass...

  • Stand with the body weight on the balls of the feet. Be in an athletic position ready to move.

  • Get the platform out early.
  • This means the arms should be out and hands together ready to pass the ball.

  • Angle the arms toward the target.

  • Gentle shoulder shrug as you pass.

  • For offline passing deep balls, drop the front shoulder while angling the platform towards the target.


The volleyball techniques for serving are probably the easiest skills in volleyball to learn.

When executing a serve, the player tosses the ball to themselves. Since a server has complete control over everything involved ( the toss, getting in position, etc), these factors make the skill of serving a lot easier to learn than other volleyball skills.

The following are important cues for serving.

  • Draw the arm back.

  • Take a small step and toss.

  • Hit the ball with the palm of the hand.

Volleyball Techniques (Server vs Passer)

Serving is an important skill, so be sure to not take it for granted.

Since running an effective offense is so important to success in volleyball, volleyball is often a contest between the servers and receivers.

If a team can't pass well, the offense suffers. So the strategy is often to have servers serve really tough to keep the opponent from running an effective offense.

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Techniques and Skills for Volleyball

Great teams don't just serve the ball to put it in play. Great teams learn to serve tough, putting pressure on the opponent. Frustrating a team in serve receive will often lead to easy balls being returned back over the net.

Do you want to have a huge advantage in volleyball? Learn the various volleyball techniques for serving such as floaters, topspin, placement, and jump serves. The bigger your arsenal, the more options you'll have to put the smack down on your opponent.

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